CLASSIC CHART PATTERNS
Learn the most popular chart patterns in order to easily spot an opportunity on the market and make decision if you should trade or not.
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The Triple Bottom starts with prices moving downward,
followed by three sharp lows, all at about the same price level.
Volume diminishes at each successive low and finnally bursts as
the price rises above the highest high, confirming the pattern
as a sign of BULLISH price reversal. A Triple Top is the bearish
counterpart signaling the reversal of a prior uptrend to form
a new downtrend.
The Double Bottom pattern marks the reversal of a prior
downtrend. The price forms two distinct lows at roughly
the same price level. For a more significant reversal, look for a
longer period of time between the two lows. Volume reflects
a weakening of the downward pressure, tending to diminish
as the pattern forms, with some pickup at each low, less on
the second low. Finally the price breaks out above the highest
high to confirm the BULLISH signal. Strong volume on breakout
is always a good sign. The Double Top is the bearish
counterpart, marking the topping out of an uptrend
and initiation of a downtrend.
A BULLISH Triangle shows two converging trendlines as prices
reach lower or stable highs and higher lows. Volume diminishes
as the price swings back and forth between an increasingly narrow
range reflecting uncertainty in the market direction. Then well
before the triangle reaches its apex, the price breaks out above the
upper trendline with a noticeable increase in volume, conrming
the pattern as a continuation of the prior uptrend. Triangles can
also appear during a downtrend, signaling a bearish continuation
when the price penetrates the lower trendline. That can also be
seen as top or bottom patterns marking a trend reversal.
Flags & Pennants
A BULLISH Flag follows a steep rise in price called the “flagpole”,
often the reaction to a positive announcement. It’s marked by two
parallel trendlines around a period of consolidation that occurs as
excitement subsides and volume decreases. The Flag can be
horizontal or slightly downward. Finally the price breaks the upper
trendline marking the resumption of the uptrend. Bearish Flags
can be spotted during a steep drop in price with the flag horizontal
or slightly upward. Pennants are similar to flags however the
trendlines are converging rather than parallel.
An Upside Breakout occurs when the price breaks out through
the top of a trading range marked by horizontal boundary lines
across the highs and lows. This pattern indicates that prices
may rise explosively over a period of days or weeks as a sharp
uptrend appears. A breakout from a longer and narrower trading
range makes for a stronger and more reliable BULLISH signal.
Conversely, a bearish Downside Breakout is observed when
prices break out below the lower boundary
Head & Shoulders
The Head and Shoulders Bottom (Reverse Head and Shoulders)
is created by three successive declines in the price following
a significant downtrend. The lowest low (head) is in the middle,
flanked by two higher lows (shoulders) at roughly the same level.
Volume is highest as the price makes the first two declines,
then diminishes through the right shoulder. Finally volume
surges as the price closes above the neckline – drawn between
the two highs – to confirm the BULLISH reversal. The Head and
Shoulders Top is the bearish counterpart signaling a major trend
Following a downtrend, the Rounded Bottom forms a gradual
bowl shape reecting a gradual shift in the balance of supply
and demand. Volume tends to mirror the price pattern,
decreasing as bearishness wanes and investors become
indecisive. Following a period of relative inactivity, at the
bottom of the bowl, the price pattern starts its upward turn.
As sentiment becomes more decisively bullish, volume tends
to increase. The BULLISH pattern is confirmed when the price
crosses above its moving average. The outcome sees volume
reach a climactic peak in a few days of nearly vertical price
movement on the chart.
A BULLISH Continuation Wedge consists of two converging
trend lines. Unlike the Triangles where the apex is pointed to
the right, the apex of this pattern is slanted downwards at an
angle. This is because prices edge steadily lower in a converging
pattern i.e. there are lower highs and lower lows. Over the weeks
or months that this pattern forms the trend appears downward
but the long-term range is still upward. Volume should diminish
as the pattern forms. The pattern is conrmed when prices break
above the upper trendline. The bearish counterpart appears
with converging trendlines pointing slightly upward.
Diamond patterns usually form over several months in very
active markets. Volume will remain high during the formation
of this pattern. The pattern begins as prices create higher highs
and lower lows in a broadening pattern. Then the trading range
gradually narrows after the highs peak and the lows start trending
upward. The direction of the breakout signals the resolution
to a new trend—upward or downward out of the diamond’s
boundary lines. This pattern can mark the resumption of a prior
trend (Continuation Diamond) or a significant trend reversal
(Diamond Top or Bottom).
The rare Megaphone Bottom—a.k.a. Broadening Pattern—can
be recognized by its successively higher highs and lower lows,
which form after a downward move. The BULLISH pattern is
confirmed when, usually on the third upswing, prices break
above the prior high but fail to fall below this level again.
The bearish counterpart is the Megaphone Top.
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